Cultural responses to Pain by Mark Zborowski

An investigation, first published in 1958, found that the ways in which we respond to illness are strongly influenced by cultural factors. In this article, Mark Zborowski shows that even the physical sensation of pain is often interpreted differently by members of different American ethnic groups who tend to respond to pain in terms of meanings they learned from their own families. The project was set up at the Kingsbridge Veterans Hospital, Bronx, New York, where four ethno-cultural groups were selected for an intensive study: Jewish, Italian, Irish and “Old American” stock. Three groups — Jewish, Italian and Irish — were selected because they were described by medical people as manifesting striking differences in their reaction to pain. Read Cultural Responses to Pain.

Advance Care Directives

The attached word document contains three case studies outlining the the consideration that is or is not given to Advance Care Directive implementation by Italian Australian families and older Italian Australians.

Three case studies reflecting the consideration or use of Advance Care Directives in the Italian Australian community

Dementia Resources and Activities – working with Italian Australians

WHAT WORKS Dementia Specific Centre Based Day Care Activities


Biscuit Recipe – Biscotti della nonna


Food traditions

List of RAO activities_translation

Lyrics to Italian songs

Make a magnetic fishing game

Numbers in Italian

regions of Italy coloured pdfBiscotti


Italian Community and Dementia Care

Creating a memory box for Italians    Memory Box contents_expanded list

Memory Box men and womens pic

Iole Baitieri dementia story

CALD Dementia Research Project-Italian Caregivers

Discussion starters

RESOURCES – Iconic Italian regional foods & Italian restaurants and cafes in Sydney

Caring For The Carer Kit

Caring for the Carer Kit in English

Caring for the Carer Kit in Italian